Montenegro’s economy and what potential investors need to know

6 min read

Montenegro, a small country in the Balkans, has been gaining attention from economists and policymakers in recent years due to its changing economic landscape.

From a rocky start after gaining independence in 2006 to its current growth trajectory, Montenegro‘s economy has undergone significant changes that have affected its economic stability.

This comprehensive guide will provide essential information for travelers who are considering a visit or relocation to Montenegro by exploring the current state of the country’s economy and its key takeaways.

Promising GDP growth

Montenegro’s GDP growth rate in 2022 is expected to be 4.3%, making it one of the fastest growing economies in the region. This growth is largely driven by an increase in tourism, real estate investments, and infrastructure projects.

The country has a lot to offer tourists, from the beautiful beaches and coastline to the stunning mountains and national parks. With its favorable climate and a wide range of outdoor activities, Montenegro has become a popular tourist destination in recent years.

Debt levels

Despite Montenegro’s economic growth, its debt-to-GDP ratio is still high, currently standing at around 80%. This level of debt is a concern for investors and policymakers, and the government is taking steps to reduce it by implementing fiscal reforms. It’s important to note that this high level of debt may have an impact on the country’s economic stability in the long run. Travelers should keep an eye on the country’s economic indicators and be aware of any changes that may affect their travel plans or relocation decisions.


Its unemployment rate is currently around 16%, which is relatively high compared to other countries in the region. The Montenegrin government is taking steps to address this issue by investing in education and job training programs. For travelers who are considering relocating to Montenegro, it’s important to research the job market and opportunities that may be available to them.


Montenegro’s tourism industry is a key driver of economic growth, accounting for around 20% of GDP. The government is investing in infrastructure projects to improve the country’s tourism industry and attract more visitors.

Montenegro’s natural beauty, cultural heritage, and hospitable people make it an ideal destination for travelers who are looking for an off-the-beaten-path experience. However, visitors should be aware of the impact that tourism may have on the environment and take steps to minimize their impact.

Real estate growth

The country’s real estate market has seen significant growth in recent years, particularly in the coastal areas. This growth has been driven by foreign investments and the country’s growing popularity as a tourist destination. However, there are concerns about the sustainability of this growth and the impact it may have on the environment. Those who are considering purchasing property in Montenegro should do their research and seek professional advice to ensure that they make an informed decision.

Energy sources

Montenegro is heavily dependent on imported energy, particularly from Russia. The government has been taking steps to diversify its energy sources and reduce its reliance on imports. One of the ways it is doing this is by investing in renewable energy projects, such as wind farms. Travelers who are interested in sustainable tourism may find Montenegro’s commitment to renewable energy sources appealing.


Montenegro has struggled with corruption in its government and private sector, which has hindered economic growth and foreign investment. The government has taken steps to address this issue by implementing anti-corruption measures and improving transparency in its institutions. Visitors should be aware of this issue and take necessary precautions when conducting business or engaging in financial transactions.

Potential EU integration

Montenegro is currently in the process of joining the European Union, which is expected to bring significant economic benefits. However, the process has been slow, and there are concerns about the country’s ability to meet the EU’s membership criteria. Travelers should keep an eye on the country’s

Montenegro’s real estate market has seen significant growth in recent years, particularly in the coastal areas. This growth has been driven by foreign investments and the country’s growing popularity as a tourist destination. However, there are concerns about the sustainability of this growth and the impact it may have on the environment.

Foreign investors are attracted to Montenegro’s real estate market because of the country’s low tax rates, beautiful scenery, and proximity to other European countries. Property prices in the coastal areas have been rising steadily, with some estimates showing an increase of up to 25% in the past few years. The country’s government has also implemented policies to make it easier for foreign investors to buy property in Montenegro.

However, there are concerns about the sustainability of this growth and the impact it may have on the environment. Some experts argue that the construction of new buildings and infrastructure may harm the natural beauty of the country and damage its fragile ecosystems.

The country has already made progress in areas such as the rule of law, human rights, and anti-corruption measures. However, there are still areas where Montenegro needs to improve, such as the independence of its judiciary, the fight against organized crime, and freedom of expression.

Joining the EU would provide Montenegro with access to a larger market, greater investment opportunities, and increased political stability. However, it would also require the country to make significant reforms and adhere to EU regulations.

Final thoughts

Montenegro’s economy has come a long way since gaining independence in 2006. The country has seen significant economic growth in recent years, driven by tourism, real estate investments, and infrastructure projects. However, the country still faces a number of challenges, including a high debt-to-GDP ratio, high unemployment, and corruption.

For travelers looking to visit or relocate to Montenegro, the country’s growing tourism industry and beautiful coastline make it an attractive destination. However, it is important to be aware of the environmental concerns associated with the country’s real estate market and the ongoing issue of corruption.

For investors, its growing economy and strategic location make it an appealing destination for foreign investment. However, it is important to carefully evaluate the risks associated with investing in a country with a high debt-to-GDP ratio and ongoing concerns about corruption.

Montenegro’s economic outlook is positive, with the country’s GDP growth rate expected to remain strong in the coming years. With ongoing efforts to reduce debt, address unemployment, and improve transparency in institutions, Montenegro is well positioned to continue on its path of economic growth and development.

Jan Kruger

Jan Kruger is a Dutch-American economist with extensive experience covering economic news that impacts the European Union. He has worked for various international news organizations, including Reuters, Bloomberg News, and the Financial Times.

Jan has reported from numerous countries across Europe, providing in-depth analysis and coverage of economic and financial news. He is known for his analytical approach, ability to explain complex economic concepts in a clear and accessible manner, and his strong track record of breaking news and providing insightful commentary. Jan is a sought-after commentator and frequent speaker at conferences and events related to European economics and finance.

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