Brexit progress: UK and EU reach Northern Ireland trade agreement

3 min read

The recent breakthrough deal on Northern Ireland’s trading arrangements between the UK and the European Union (EU) could have far-reaching implications for the global economy.

Windsor Framework

This deal, named the “Windsor Framework,” has addressed the problems that the Northern Ireland Protocol created and could be the first step in repairing some of the damage that Brexit has done to the UK economy.

The Northern Ireland Protocol was designed to allow Northern Ireland, which is part of the UK, to remain within Europe’s market so that it could trade goods freely across its land border with the Republic of Ireland, an EU member state. However, it ended up disrupting trade between Great Britain and Northern Ireland and infuriated unionist politicians in Belfast.

Trade experts say that the new deal ends the threat of a UK-EU trade war and enhances goodwill between the two sides, which will deliver a boost to business confidence. This could pave the way for greater cooperation in other areas, which could unlock much-needed investment into the United Kingdom.

Reversing the uncertainty

The deal has significant implications for global trade as well. The UK is one of the world’s largest economies, and its relationship with the EU is crucial for international trade.

The uncertainty created by Brexit has held back business investment, and the new deal could lift the threat of a “tit-for-tat trade war with the UK’s biggest market.” This is good news for other countries that trade with the UK and the EU.

Good Friday Agreement

Moreover, the deal could help Britain forge closer ties with the United States, which under President Joe Biden has taken a keen interest in the Northern Ireland issue. Biden, who has Irish heritage, has in the past warned against making Northern Ireland’s peace deal – the Good Friday Agreement – a “casualty of Brexit.” Democratic lawmakers in the United States have also criticized attempts by the UK government under former Prime Minister Boris Johnson to rewrite and even override the Protocol.

A strengthened relationship between the UK and the EU could also open doors for greater cooperation in financial services, energy, immigration, and scientific research.

The United Kingdom will now be allowed to join Horizon Europe, a key EU funding program for research and innovation with a budget of €95.5 billion ($101 billion). This could be a clear prize for researchers and academics, as it locks Britain back into the scientific research community in Europe. Research and development are a big part of the modern economy and have significant implications for global innovation and growth.

Overall, the “Windsor Framework” could help to ease uncertainty surrounding Brexit and provide a much-needed boost to the UK economy. It could also have far-reaching implications for global trade and cooperation, which could lead to greater investment, innovation, and growth.

Mark O'Donnell

Mark O'Donnell is a political science expert who studied at University College London. He is particularly interested in the geopolitical movements within the European Union, with a focus on the impact of Brexit. O'Donnell's research and analysis provide valuable insights into the ever-changing political landscape of Europe and the wider world.

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